IIT (NTSE/Olympiad)  

Circular Motion & Rotational Dynamics

14. Kinetic Energy of Rotation

14. Kinetic Energy of Rotation
(a) The energy due to rotational motion of a body is known as rotational kinetic energy.
(b) If I be moment and inertia of body about axis of rotation and ω be its angular velocity, then kinetic energy of rotation.

(c) If ω is constant, Er ∝ I
(d) If I is constant, Er ∝ ω2
(e) If J is constant, Er ∝ 1/I
(f)Work energy theorem :- The work done by torque = change in kinetic energy of rotation
(g) Power of rotation
(h) If a body performs rotational kinetic motion as well as linear motion, then the total energy of body is equal to the sum of kinetic energy of rotational motion and kinetic energy of linear motion.
∴ Total K.E = Er + Et = 2 + M v2
(i) If rotation is taking place without skidding then v = r ω, a = r α
(j) Unit : same as that of energy
(k) Dimension : M1 L2 T–2


IIT (Class X)

  • WORK, POWER, ENERGY & CONSERVATION LAWS