, 1. Rabi Crops :
(a) Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December.
(b) Harvested in summer from April to June.
(c) Example of Rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard etc.
(d) Region : Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Uttranchal. Factor responsible for growth of Rabi crops.
1. Availability of precipitation due to western disturbances.
2. Fertile alluvial traits deposited by rivers from north.
3. Success of green revolution. 2. Kharif Crops :
(a) The crops which are sown with the onset of monsoon and harvested in September - October.
(b) Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute, groundnut are some of the important kharif crops.
(c) Important rice growing regions are Assam, West Bengal, Coastal region of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra.
(d) In states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa three crops of paddy are grown in a year. There are Aus, Aman and Boro. 3. Zaid :
1. The crops which are grown in between rabi and the kharif crops are known as Zaid crops.
2. Watermelon, cucumber, vegetables and fodder crops are example of Zaid crops.