History (NTSE/Olympiad)  

3. Work, Life & Leisure - Cities in Count. World

Glossary (Work, Life & Leisure - Cities in Count. World)

1. Metropolis : Chief city of a region or the country with the large population.
2. Urbanisation : The process of development of towns & cities.
3. Brahma : The God of creation in Hindu mythology.
4. Museum : Building used for exhibition and storage of object of the past or related heritage or any interesting unique objects.
5. Tenement : Dwelling place, e.g., a set of rooms separated from each usually in the poorer district of the city.
6. Philanthropist : A person who is concerned about the welfare of the mankind.
7. Suburb : Outlying area of the city, region adjacent to the city.
8. Greenbelt : Area of open lands with plants and trees for preservation around the city, maintaining natural habitation.
9. Asphyxiation : Suffocation due to lack of oxygen supply in the blood.
10. Presidency cities : During the British rule the capital of Bombay, Bengal and Madras Presidencies (Provinces) were known as the Presidencies cities.
11. Depressed class : The So-called ‘dalits’ or untouchables are referred to as the depressed class.
12. Reclamation : Bring wasteland under cultivation. Recover marshy land from seas water and make it livable and cultivable.
13. Chawls : An Indian world refers to multistoried structure which is divided into a number of smaller one room tenements or apartments.
14. Individualism : Social theory favouring freedom of individual - encouraging free action by individuals.
15. Temperance Movement : A largely middle-class-led social reform movement which emerged in Britain and America from the nineteenth century onwards. It identified alcoholism as the cause of the ruin of families and society, and aimed at reducing the consumption of alcoholic drinks, particularly amongst the working classes.
16. Presidency Cities : The capitals of the Bombay, Bengal and Madras Presidencies in British India.
17. Akharas : Traditional wrestling schools, generally located in every neighbourhood, where young people were trained to ensure both physical and moral fitness.


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