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  History (NTSE/Olympiad)  

4. History and sport [ The Story of Cricket ]

The Modern Transformation Of The Game

(i) Modern cricket is dominated by Tests and one-day internationals, played between national teams.
(ii) The players Indian fans remember from the era of the Pentangular and the Quadrangular are those who were fortunate enough to play Test cricket.
(iii) C.K. Nayudu, an outstanding Indian batsman of his time, lives on in the popular imagination when some of his great contemporaries like Palwankar Vithal and Palwankar Baloo have been forgotten because his career lasted long enough for him to play Test cricket for India while theirs did not.
(iv) Nayudu has past his cricketing prime when he played for India in its first Test matches against England starting in 1932, his place in India's cricket history is assured because he was the country's first test captain.
(v) India entered the world of Test cricket in 1932, a decade and a half before it became an independent nation. This was possible because Test cricket from its origins in 1877 was organised as a contest between different parts of the British empire, not sovereign nations.
(vi) The first Test was played between England and Australia when Australia was still a white settler colony, not even a self-governing dominion.
A. The name of ICC was changed from the Imperial Cricket Conference to the International Cricket Conference :
The Imperial Cricket conference was responsible for the regulation of the game of cricket throughout the world. It was dominated by two nations, England and Australia. They had the veto rights.
With the disappearance of the British empire, the organization of world cricket was also undergoing a change. Two major changes suggestive of decolonization and deimperiaism were :
(i) The name of Imperial Cricket Conference was changed into the International Cricket Conference.
(ii) The veto rights were abolished. Equal membership was introduced.
The significance of the shift of the ICC headquarters from London to Dubai
The shift of the ICC headquarters from London to Dubai signified that the balance of power in cricket was shifting from ex-colonial power and white men to South Asia, who have come to dominate the world cricket.
B. The Impact of decolonisation on cricket :
Cricket had developed as a game in colonial countries. It spread to those countries where the colonial rulers went. In course of time, colonies began to produce better players of cricket than were available with the colonial powers themselves. But the colonial powers could successfully curb the growth of such talent. With decolonization, all such restrictions on the growth of cricket stood removed. Some significant changes began to take place in the organization of cricket:
(i) The name of the Imperial Cricket Conference was changed into the International Cricket Conference.
(ii) The headquarters of the ICC were shifted from London to Dubai.
(iii) Veto rights of England and Australia in ICC were removed. All members got equal rights.
(iv) England had to boycott South Africa who did not permit non-white players to represent their country.
(v) It came to be accepted that the laws of cricket could not continue to be framed for British or Australian conditions of play. The techniques of 'doosra' and 'reverse swing' evolved by the Asian bowlers to suit their conditions, came to be accepted and endorsed.

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