History (NTSE/Olympiad)  

5. Novels, Society & History

The Rise of the Novel

The Rise of the Novel
(i) The novel is a modern form of literature. it is born from print, a mechanical invention.
(ii) Novels produced a number of common interests among the scattered and varied readers. As readers were drawn into the story and identified with the lives of fictitious characters, they could think about issues such as the relationship between love and marriage, the proper conduct for men and women, and so on.
(iii) The novel first took firm root in England and France. Novels began to be written from the seventeenth century, but they really followed from the eighteenth century. New groups of lower-middle-class people such as shopkeepers and clerks, along with the traditional aristocratic and gentlemanly classes in England and France now formed the new readership for novels.
(iv) As readership grew the increased earnings gave the authors independence to experiment with different literary styles.
(A) Henry Fielding, a novelist of the early eighteenth century, claimed that he was 'the founder of a new province of writing' where he could make his own laws.
(B) Walter Scott remembered and collected popular Scottish ballads which he used in his historical novels about the wars between Scottish clans.
(C) The epistolary novel used the private and personal form of letters to tell its story.
(D) Samuel Richardson's Pamela, written in the eighteenth century, told much of its story through an exchange of letters between two lovers.
1. (a)The publishing market
2. (b)The World of the Novel
3. (c) Community and Society
4. (d) The New Women
5. (e) Novels for the Young
6. (f) Colonialism and After


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