Democratic Politics (NTSE/Olympiad)  

2. Federalism

Decentralisation in India

Decentralisation in India
Federal government have two tiers of government. A vast country like India cannot be run only through these two tiers. Federal Power sharing in India needs another tier of government, below that of the state government. This is the rationale for decentralisation of power. Thus resulted a third tier of government called local government.
Definition : When power is taken away from central and state government and given to local government, it is called decentralisation.
(A) The basic idea behind decentralisation is that there are a large number of problems and issues which are best settled at the local level.
(B) People have better knowledge of problems in their localities.
(C) People have better ideas on where to spend money and how to manage things more efficiently.
(D) At the local level it is possible for the people to directly participate in decision making.
(E) This helps to inculcate a habit of democratic participation.
(F) Local government is the best way to realise the important principle of democracy, namely local self govt.

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