Democratic Politics

Chapter : 3. Democracy & Diversity

Glossary (Democracy & Diversity)

1. Social Division : Division of the society on the basis of language, region, caste, colour or race and sex. It signifies linguistic and regional diversity.
2. Social Differences : These are the situations where people are discriminated against on the basis of social, economic and racial inequality. It gives way to social diversity which is different from society to society.
3. Civil Rights Movements in the USA : A series of events and reform movements with the aim of abolishing legal, social discrimination against African Americans. Led by Martin Luther king, this movement practised non-violent methods of civil disobedience against racially discriminatory laws and practices.
4. African-American : Afro-American, Black American or Black are the terms used to refer mainly to the descendents of Africans who were brought into America as slaves between 17th century and early 19th century.
5. The Black power : It was a movement started by black people in 1966 against racialism and the practice of apartheid. It was a militant movement advocating even violence if necessary to end racism in the US.
6. Overlapping Differences : Social differences which overlap other difference are known as overlapping differences. e.g. difference between the Blacks and Whites becomes a social division in US because the Blacks tend to be poor, homeless and discriminated against.
7. Cross cutting Differences : If social differences cross cut one another, it is known as cross cutting differences. In another way, in this situation, groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different side on a different issue.
8. Homogenous Society : Homogenous society signifies absences of significant ethnic differences. It is society that has similar kinds of people or inhabitants.
9. Migrants : Any body who shifts from one region or country to another region with in a country or to another country for the purpose of work or other economic opportunities.
10. Multi-cultural community : Social community formed on the basis of different cultures is known as the multi-cultural community. This happens mostly due to the practise of migration when people bring with them their own culture.
11. Minority : It refers to communities who are less than half of the total population of the country. The idea of minority at national level is totally different from what it is at state level.

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