Democratic Politics (NTSE/Olympiad)  

1. Popular Struggles and Movements

Glossary (Popular Struggles and Movements)

1. Maoists : Those communities who believed in the ideology of Mao, the leader of the Chinese Revolution. They seek to overthrow the government through an armed revolution so as to establish the rule of the peasants and workers.
2. Organisation : A systematic arrangement of people who work collectively to achieve certain objectives for a common benefit.
3. Multi National Company : (MNC) i.e., a company held by a different nation. This term signifies privatisation.
4. Politics : It refers to the power - oriented behaviour with respect to the process of government. It involves conflict power and policy as its basic elements.
5. Seven Party Alliance (SP) : It is seven party alliance of Nepal formed for the struggle for democracy. This alliance includes some big parties that have some members in the parliament.
6. Public Opinion : Opinion of the people of country on an issue of national importance. It is mostly an aggregated, organised and considered opinion of a section or sections of people of an issue of public concern. It is neither a private opinion and nor an expert opinion.
7. Fedecor : An organisation of Bolivia comprising local professionals, including engineers and environment alists. The organisation was formed to protest against water privatisation in Bolvia.
8. Interest Groups : It is a group of persons formed to promote a specific goal/interest. This group represents the social, economic and political interests of a particular segment of the policy. It has common aims and try to get them fulfilled through different means and not by capturing power.
9. Pressure Group : It is an organised aggregate group, which seeks to influence the governments decision making without attempting to place their members in formal governmental capacity.
10. Electrorate : It refers to the entire body of people who are qualified to vote and participate in the election of representatives for the legislative or a local body.
11. Election Manifesto : A written document on statement published by each political party that consists of the policies and programmes of the party the manifesto is implemented when the party comes to power.
12. Movement : The struggle in order to achieve certain aims like democracy is known as movement. It aims at many forms of collective action. Movement mostly attempts to influence the politics rather than directly take part in electoral process.
13. Electoral Competition or Participation : It is a part of political participation which enlaits participating in the election procedure through voting a contesting elections campaingning.
14. Universal Adult Franchise : This term refers to the right to vote given to all the adult citizen of a country to elect their representatives periodically. It ensures political equality and emphasis popular sovereignty.
15. Ballot : It is a secret vote in which people mark a piece of paper to indicate the person they choose to represent them. This is to ensure that he/she votes without fear or favour.
16. Alternative Voting : In this system of voting the first method voters are asked to rank the candidates in preferential order.
17. Polarisation : Alignment of votes/forces i.e. ? Political forces along distinct ideological lines.
18. Section interest groups : The interest groups which seek to promote the interest of a particular section or group of society are known as section interest groups. Trade unions, Business Association & Professional bodies are some examples of this type.
19. Public interest groups : The groups which seek to promote the interest of the general people rather than a particular section are termed as “Public interest groups”. They are also called hromotional groups because they promote collective rather than selective good.
20. BAMCEF : It is a short form of Backward & minorities community employees federation. It is an organisation largely made up of govt. employees that campaigns against cast discriminations. Its principal concern is social justice and social equality for the entire society.
21. Movement groups : Groups involved with movement are called ‘Movement groups’. They include a very wide variety - movement groups which are both. specific and general in order and strive to achieve desired goals.
22. NAPM : It is an organisation of organisations which stands for National Alliance for People’s Movements. This organisation coordinates the activities of large no. of people’s movement in our country.

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