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# Polynomials

#### Relation between the zero and the coefficients of a polynomials

Consider quadratic polynomial P(x) = 2x2 – 16x + 30.
Now, 2x2 – 16x + 30
= (2x – 6) (x – 3)
= 2(x – 3) (x – 5)
The zeroes of P(x) are 3 and 5.

Sum of the zeroes are = 3 + 5 = 8 =  Product of the zeroes are = 3 × 5 = 15 =  So if ax2 + bx + c, a ≠ 0 is a quadratic polynomial and a, b are two zeroes of polynomial then Example: Find the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial 6x2 – 13x + 6 and verify the relation between the zeroes and its coefficients.

Solution: We have,
6x2 – 13x + 6
= 6x2 – 4x – 9x + 6
= 2x (3x – 2) –3 (3x – 2)
= (3x – 2) (2x – 3)
So, the value of quadratic equation 6x2 – 13x + 6 is 0, when
(3x – 2) = 0 or (2x – 3) = 0 i.e.,
When x = or Therefore, the zeroes of 6x2 – 13x + 6 are and .

Sum of the zeroes : + =  = Product of the zeroes
= × = = Example: Find the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial 4x2 – 9 and verify the relation between the zeroes and its coefficients.

Solution: We have,
4x2 – 9
= (2x)2 – 32
= (2x – 3) (2x + 3)
So, the value ofa quadratic equation 4x2 – 9 is 0, when
2x – 3 = 0 or 2x + 3 = 0
i.e., when x = or x = .
Therefore, the zeroes of 4x2 – 9 are & .

Sum of the zeroes
= + = 0 = = Product of the zeroes
=  =  Example: Find the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial 9x2 – 5 and verify the relation between the zeroes and its coefficients.

Solution: We have,
9x2 – 5
= (3x)2 – (√5)2
= (3x – √5) (3x +√5)
So, the value of 9x2 – 5 is 0, when
3x –√5 = 0 or 3x +√5 = 0
i.e., when x = or x = .

Sum of the zeroes

=  = 0 = = Product of the zeroes
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#### NTSE Mathematics (Class X)

• Real Numbers
• Polynomials
• Linear Equation in Two Variables
• Trigonometry
• Similar Triangles
• Statistics
• Arithmetic Progressions
• Application of Trigonometry
• Circle
• Co-ordinate Geometry
• Area related to Circle
• Surface Area & Volume
• Constructions
• Probability

#### NTSE Mathematics (Class IX)

• Real Numbers
• Polynomials
• Linear Equation in Two Variables
• Trigonometry
• Similar Triangles
• Statistics