Democratic Politics (NTSE/Olympiad)
3. Constitution Design
Constitution and Why do we need it ?
What is Constitution :
The set of basic rules according to which the government of a country runs is called a constitution. It deals with the relations of the Centre with the States., between one estate and the other, between the different organs of the government (like Legislative, Executive and Judiciary) and between the Government and its citizens and their rights and well-being.
Why do we need a Constitution ?
We need a Constitution to achieve many things :
1. It specifies how the government will be constituted and who will have the power to take decisions.
2. It lays down limits on the powers of the government and guides it to respect the Fundamental Rights of the people.
3. It aims at the creation of a good society and gives expression to the aspirations of the people.
4. It generates trust and coordination among the different groups of people to live together.