|1.||The Mensheviks were in minority||The Bolsheviks were in majority|
|2.||The Menshviks wanted to establish socialism through the spread of education and reforms among the workers||The Bolsheviks wanted to spread socialism through revolution i.e. by uprooting autocratic ruler.|
|3.||Alexander Kerensky was the leader of the Menshevik group||Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks|
(a) Other Parties : The Menshevik and the Bolshevik parties were the political parties of industrial workers. There was also a party of the peasants which was known as the Socialist Revolutionary Party. The non-Russian nationalities of the Russian empire had their own parties, which were working to free lands from colonial oppression.
(b) Bolshevik Party and Lenin : Lenin was most important leader of the Bolsheviks. He is regarded as one of the greatest leaders of the socialist movement after Marx and Engles.