1. The Rise Of Nationalism In Europe
Visualising The Nation
Visualising The Nation (i) Artitsts in the 18th and 19th centuries found a way out by personifying nation. In other words they represented a country as if it were a person.
(ii) Nations were then portrayed as female figures. The nation did not stand for any particular woman in real life, rather it sought to give the abstract idea of the nation a concrete form.
(iii) That is, the female figure became an allegory of the nation. After this so many countries used the same symbol (female) like Marianne in France and Germania in Germany.