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  Economics (NTSE/Olympiad)  

1. Poverty As Challange

Inter-State Disparities

Poverty in some states of India, 1999-2000
HighLow
StatesNumber of people below poverty line (in lakh)Percent of people below poverty lineStatesNumber of People below poverty line in (lakh)Percent of people below poverty line
Bihar425.6442.60Goa0.704.40
Madhya Pradesh298.5437.43Gujarat67.8914.07
Maharashtra227.9925.03Haryana 17.348.74
Orissa169.0947.15Himachal Pradesh5.127.63
Tamil Nadu130.4821.12Jammu & Kashmir3.463.48
Uttar Pradesh529.8931.15Kerala41.0412.72
West Bengal213.4927.02Punjab14.496.16

Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. Recent estimates show that in 20 states and union territories, the poverty ratio is less than the national average. On the other hand, poverty is still a serious problem in Orissa, Bihar, Assam, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh. Orissa and Bihar continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 47 and 43 per cent respectively. Along with rural poverty urban poverty is also high in Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates. Kerala has focused more on human resource development. In West Bengal, land reform measures have helped in reducing poverty. In Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu public distribution of food grains could have been responsible for the improvement.Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. Recent estimates show that in 20 states and union territories, the poverty ratio is less than the national average. On the other hand, poverty is still a serious problem in Orissa, Bihar, Assam, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh. Orissa and Bihar continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 47 and 43 per cent respectively. Along with rural poverty urban poverty is also high in Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates. Kerala has focused more on human resource development. In West Bengal, land reform measures have helped in reducing poverty. In Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu public distribution of food grains could have been responsible for the improvement.


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