Geography (NTSE/Olympiad)  

2. Manufacturing Industries

Chemical Industry

Chemical Industry
The industry has two components.
1. Inorganic chemicals.
2. Organic chemicals.
Inorganic chemicals :
It includes sulphuric acid (used to manufacture fertilizers, synthetic fibres, plastics, adhesives paints, dyes stuffs). Nitric acid alkalies, soda ash (used to make glass, soap and detergents, paper) and castic soda.
Organic chemicals :
It includes petrochemicals, which are used for manufacturing of synthtic fibres, synthetic rubber, plastics, dye-stuffs.
Importance Of Chemical Industry
1. Employment :
It is major source of employment for large number of people.
2. Foreign exchange :
Export of chemicals and chemical products brings foreign exchange to India.
3. Reduction of pressure on Land :
It reduce pressure on land by providing employment to workers.
4. Development of Agriculture :
It supplies pesticides and weedicides to agriculture to control harmful insects and weds.
5. Contribution to G..D.P. and national Income :
It contributes 3 % of the G..D.P. It also contribute 20 % of the excise duty to the government.


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