2. Natural Vegetation & Wild Life
India is also rich in its fauna. It has more than 89000 of animal species, 1200 species of birds. They constitute 13 % of the world total. There are 2500 species of fish which accounts for 12 % of the world stocks. It also shares between 5 and 8 percent of the world’s amphibians, reptiles and mammals.
Elephants are found in the hot wet forests of Assam, Karnataka and Kerala.
One horned rhinoceroses live in swampy and marshy land of Assam and West Bengal.
Wild ass and camels are found in arid areas of the Rann of Kachchh and the Thar desert.
Indian bison, nilgai (blue bull) chousingha, gazel and different species of deer are some other animals found in India. It also has several species of monkeys.
India is the only country in the world that has both tigers and lions. Lions are found in Gir forest in Gujarat. Tigers are found in the forest of Madhya Pradesh, the Sunderbans of West Bengal and the Himalayan region.
The Himalayan ranges are the home of several animals. Yak, the shaggy horned wild ox, the Tibetan antelope, the bharal (blue sheep), wild sheep and the kiang are found in Ladhak’s region.
In the rivers, lakes and coastal areas, turtles, crocodiles and gharials are found.
There are also a variety of birds found in different parts of India. The chief among them are peacocks, geese, pheasant, ducks, mynahs, pigeons, parrots, cranes, hornbills and sunbirds etc. They belong to both forests and wet lands.
Uses of animals :
1. They also provide us drought power, transportation, meat, eggs.
2. Fish provide us nutritive food.
3. Many insects help in pollination of crops and fruit trees and exert biological control on such insect which are harmful.
4. They also maintain the ecological balance.
Due to excessive exploitation of plants and animals resources by human being, the ecosystem has been disturbed.