Ex

  Geography (NTSE/Olympiad)  

3. Agriculture

Contribution of Agriculture to the National Economy, Employment and output

Contribution of Agriculture to the National Economy, Employment and output
Agriculture has been the back bone of Indian economy though its share in the GDP is declining. Yet its share is providing employment and livelihood continues to be as high as 63 % in 2001.
Steps taken by Indian government to modernise agriculture efforts.
1. Establishment of Indian council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
2. Agricultural Universities.
3. Veterinary services and animal breeding centres.
4. Horticulture development.
5. Research, Weather forecast.
6. Improvement of the rural infrastructure.
Draw back of Indian government.
1. Government is reducing investment in agriculture sector mainly in irrigation, power, rural roads, market and mechanisation.
2. Subsidy on fertilizers has decreased.
3. Reduction in import duties on agricultural products have proved harmful to agriculture in the country.

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