Biology (NTSE/Olympiad)  

1. The cell

Golgi Complex :

Golgi Complex :
Introduction :
• Golgi bodies are absent in prokaryotic cells. Golgi complex is found in all eukaryotic cells except RBCs.
Historical Account :
Camillo Golgi (1898), a zoologist, observed Golgi bodies in the form of a network in nerve cells of barn owl.
Ultrastructure :
• It is also called Golgi complex or Golgi apparatus or Dictyosome (in plants cell).
• It is made up of cisternae.
• Golgi bodies are interconnected with the tubules.
Functions of Golgi Apparatus :
• The main function of Golgi apparatus is secretory.
• It produces vacuoles or secretory vesicles which contain cellular secretions like enzymes, proteins, cellulose etc.
• Golgi apparatus is also involved in the synthesis of cell wall, plasma membrane and lysosomes.

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