Geography (NTSE/Olympiad)  

3. Agriculture

Food Crops of India

Food Crops of India
1. Rice :
Features :
1. It is the staple food crop of the people living in eastern and sourthern parts of India.
2. In the north it is a kharif crop and in the south it grows with the help of irrigation throughout the year.
3. India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China.
Geographical Requirements :
1. Temperature : Above 25ºC (Sowing, growing and harvesting)
2. Rainfall :
(a) Annual rainfall above 100 cm.
(b) The field must be flooded with water at the time of transplanation and during early stage of growth.
(c) Frequent showers before ripening ensure larger grain size.
3. Soil : It can grow in variety of soils including silts, loam and gravels. But it grows best in alluvial soil.
4. Area of production : West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, Orissa, Karnataka.

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