History (NTSE/Olympiad)  

2. The Age of Industrialisation

Glossary (The Age of Industriallisation)

1. Innovation : Newly produced or introduced; a novelty.
2. Guild : An association of craftman or merchants following same craft to protect the members interest and supervise the standard of the work.
3. Stapler : A person who staples or sorts wool according to its fibre.
4. Fuller : A person who fulls - gathers cloth by pleating.
5. Carding : A process of preparing fibres such as cotton or wool, prior to spinning.
6. Efficacy : Effectiveness; power to produce certain effect.
7. Mill : Building fitted with machinery for manufacturing processes/factory.
8. Tanning : Convert raw hide into leather by soaking in liquid containing tannic acid.
9. Food Processing : Technique of copping and mixing food for making Jam, Juices etc.
10. Victorian Britain : Britain during the reign of Queen Victoria.
11. Vagrant : A person without a settled home or regular work.
12. Brewery : A place where beer etc. is brewed commercially Brewing is a process of infusion, boiling and fermentation.
13. Night Refuge : Night shelter for homeless people.
14. Company officials : Officials of the East India company.
15. Bourgeoise : The upper middle class.
16. Monopoly : Exclusive right of trade in an article or good granted by some authority or licence authorising this.
17. Gomastha : An Indian word meaning an agent, a middleman between the merchant and weavers. He was a paid servant of the British Government to supervise weavers, collect supplies and examine the quality of cloth.
18. Sepoy : Indian soldier of the British army.
19. Fly shuttle : A shuttle worked by machinery (shuttle is a small instrument or soliding thread holder that carries the under thread in a sewing machine.)
20. Proto-Industrialisation : the early phase of industrialisation in which large scale production was carried out for international market not at factories but in decentralised units.
21. Trade Guilds : These were the associations of producers that trained craftspersons, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of new people in trade.

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