2. The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China
Glossary (The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China)
1. Indo-China : The region in south east Asia comprising three countries Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
2. Maritime silk Route : Sea route for trading silk.
3. Forced Labour : Compelling people to work without remuneration.
4. Colony : Conquered territory of an imperial country which is completely subjected to the interests if the another country- suffers complete political and economic domination.
5. Indentured Labour : Contractual labourers of plantation without any specified rights.
6. Civilising Mission : Mission or aim of civilising the colonial people by introducing modern education and ideas in the colonies. On the prefect of civiling, the impartial powers extended their control over colonies.
7. Natives : Natural or local born inhabitants of the colony.
8. Colon : French people of the colony. A French living in Vietnam.
9. White-Collar Jobs : Descriptive of workers mostly clerks who wear starched white collar.
10. Bubonic Plague : A dangerous contagious disease characterised by inflamed swelling of groin, armpit and other joints. A dreadful pestilence supposedly caused by rat bites and unhygienic conditions.
11. Syncretic Tradition : Tradition and beliefs which aim to bring together unity and reconcile different belief and practices on the basis of this essential unity.
12. Napalm or Agent orange : A type of chemical weapon used by US against the vietnamese.
13. Concentration camps : Prisons specially built to detain people without due process of law These are characterised by brutal torture and ruthless treatment of prisoners.
14. Domino Effect : US believed that if Vietnam becomes a communist country it would have same effect on other neighbouring countries too and they would all become communist. The policy of Domino effect grew out of US fear for the spread of communism.
15. Ordinance 10 : It was a french law that permitted Christianity, but outlawed Buddhism.
16. Republic : A form of government based on popular consent and popular representation. It is based on the power of the people as opposed to monarchy.
17. Hoa Hao Movement : It was a Buddhist religious movement launched by Huynn Phu So, a native of Mekong river delta. It drew on religious ideas popular in anti French uprisings of the nineteenth century.
18. Vietminh : The Viet Minh was a revolutionary national liberation movement formed by Ho Chi Minh in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France as well as Japanese occupation.