Chapter : 2. The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

Religion And Anti Colonialism

Religion And Anti Colonialism
Vietnam’s religious beliefs were a mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism and local practices. Christianity introduced by French missionaries, was intolerant of this easy going attitude and viewed the Vietnamese tendency to revere the supernatural as some thing to be corrected.
Scholars Revolt :
An early movement against French control and the spread of Chritianity was the Scholars Revolt in 1868. They led general uprising in Ngu Anand Ha Tienprovices where over a thousand Catholics were killed Catholic missionaries had been active in winning converts since the early 17th century and by the middle of the eighteenth century had converted some 300,00. The French crushed the movement.
The elites in Vietnam were educated in Chinese and Confucianism. But religions beliefs among the peasantry were shaped by a variety of syncretic traditions that combined Buddhism and local beliefs.
Hoa Hoa Movement :
Hoa Hao movement began in 1939 and gained popularity in Mekong delta area. It drew on religious ideas popular in anti French uprisings of the 19th century.
The French tried to suppress the movement inspired by Huynh Phu So. They declared him mad, called him the Mad Bonze and send him in a mental asylum. It is a matter of interest that the doctor who had to prove him in save became his follower and finally in 1941 even the French doctors declared him that he was save. The French authorities exiled him to Laos and many of his pupils to concentration camps.

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