Chapter : 3. Nazism And The Rise Of Hitler

(B) The Immediate Cause

3. Lowered the Prestige of England and France : Though both England and France won the War, yet they were badly ravaged. The War proved too much of a strain and stress on both of them. War weary and exhausted Britain and France came to occupy the position of second rate powers.
4. Emergence of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union as Super Powers :
The U.S.A. had played a decisive role in the victory of the Allied Powers, especially as she was the only nuclear power in the world. By using the atom bombs to crush Japan, she had emerged as a super military and economic power. Soon in the years to come, dollar-imperialism became a reality and her influence in world politics increased tremendously, leading to the U.S. interference in the internal affairs of other nations.
The Soviet Union emerged as another super power in the post-Second World War period. The Russian empire wast greatly expanded. It included half of Poland, Estonia, Latavia, Lithuania , Finland and many parts of Germany. Under Stalin’s leadership, Soviet Russia became a dominant power in world politics.
5. Two Power blocs in the Post-War World : The post-Second World War world stood divided into two power Blocks–one known as the American Bloc and the other known as the Soviet Bloc. The world became Bi-polar as it was grouped into the Capitalist nations and the socialist nations, each headed by the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. respectively. They were also known as the Democratic Bloc and the Communist Bloc.

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