Chapter : 1. French Revolution

Impact Of The French Revolution

Reorganisation of the Church :
It led to the nationalisation of Church property. The Assembly confiscated all the endowment lands to the Church. The Church was reorganized.
Reorganisation of the Administration :
France followed the principal of decentralisation of powers. Administration was reorganized into department. The Old provinces were abolished. Each department was divided into Districts, Cantons and Communes. Thus France was unified and given a certain amount of local self government
The Abolition of slavery -
(i) Slavery was rampant in the European colonies of the Caribbean and the Americans. The slaves were mostly used on sugar, coffee, indigo and tobacco plantations. Their demand was because of their availability and low costs.
(ii) In a debate in the Constituent Assembly in October 1790, to safeguard commercial interests of planter's two parties holding opposite views emerged. The group that safeguarded planters interests but pledged to maintain order in the colonies came up around the Massaic Club founded in August 1789 and their adversaries were the Society of the Friends of the Blacks founded in 1783. The outcome of the debate was that it served the purpose of drawing attention to the condition of slaves and sowed seeds of future political divisions.
(iii) On February 4, 1794 the convention (National Assembly) ended slavery in the French colonies. Napoleon Bonaparte revoked the decree in 1802, slavery was finally abolished from the French colonies in 1848.

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